Many thanks to Drew Trotter of the Consortium of Christian Study Centers for his thoughtful reflections on the 2020 Academy Awards Best Picture Nominees. He wraps up the series today with Parasite. For the whole series, click here. To learn more about Drew’s work with The Consortium of Christian Study Centers, or to look for Christian study centers near your campus or study guide and film resources, click here.
Parasite (R, 132 mins.)
Director: Bong Joon Ho. Writer: Bong Joon Ho (story and screenplay), Jin Won Han. Cast: Kang-ho Song, Sun-kyun Lee, Yeo-jeong Jo, Woo-sik Choi, So-dam Park, Jeong-eun Lee, Hye-jin Jang.
Genre: Comedy, Drama, Thriller.
Plot Outline: All unemployed, Ki-taek and his family take peculiar interest in the wealthy and glamorous Parks, as they ingratiate themselves into their lives and get entangled in an unexpected incident. —Summary based on IMDB entry
Where to find it: Amazon, Google Play, iTunes, Vudu, Youtube
Parasite is the most surprising nominee of the nine contenders for Best Picture, and its win in this category was even more so. Like last year’s Roma, it is a foreign film, subtitled, set entirely and fully produced in South Korea. Bong Joon Ho, its writer and director, is not new to Hollywood, though if you watched the Oscar presentations, where he won four awards, you might have thought so. IMdB has him listed as directing, and often writing, some twenty-five other films, most notably Snowpiercer, the cult-classic, futuristic thriller entirely set aboard a train. But Oscar night was his coming-out party, as he took away more statuettes (four) than anyone in the history of the awards, except Walt Disney.
And deservedly so. This thriller is a wonder to behold and begs for multiple viewings. Most movies can be easily categorized as comedies or dramas (read, “tragedies”), but this one is both. The movement of its story is clearly from the comic to the dramatic, but one of the bold, I believe unique, elements of this film is that its resolution is literally unclear: whether Parasite is, in the classic sense, a tragedy or a comedy depends on how one views the last five minutes of the film, and that ending is very much accessible to multiple opinions. I am left unsure.
One of the ways Bong accomplishes this uncertainty is by never letting the film be purely comic or purely tragic for very long. Even though the general movement is from the comic to the tragic, there are serious, sad elements to the first half of the movie, and, conversely, long, hilarious moments in the second half.
Much of the movie takes place in a palatial home owned by the very successful, very wealthy, and very stupid Park family. This location is balanced against the below street, basement apartment of the Kim family. The striking difference is dramatically demonstrated late in the film in an amazing sequence, showing in increasingly farther and farther away long shot the distraught Kim family walking from the Parks’ home to their own abode. This family is located as far down in the city’s literal and social structure as one can get, so far down that the city’s sewage floods them in a torrential rain. The plot involves the Kims worming their way into the employ of the Parks, through a variety of acts of subterfuge, both comic and threatening, as they aspire not just to working in the realm of the wealthy but to becoming “the wealthy” themselves.
Place is also important metaphorically in the film, and inserts itself on three social levels: upper class (the Parks’ house), lower class (the Kims’ house), and middle class (the basement apartment of the Parks’ house). The film is an intense exploration of classism, and place is not the only way this is shown. References to education, marriage, wages, etc. abound in the film, without exception showing the upper class, though wealthy and powerful, to be stupid, morally depleted, and in every way undeserving of the wealth and power they have attained.
Bong has a way of being remarkably transparent about his intentions without making the viewer feel talked-down-to. He is upfront even about the concept of metaphor. Metaphor is a major element in the film with a large stone, for example, (given as a gift, obsessed over as a treasured possession, used as a weapon, finally returned to nature) being referred to as a metaphor by the main character (the son of the Kims) on a number of occasions.
“Metaphor” is also used to display a trait that Bong shares with Quentin Tarantino, one of his professed mentors. On the one hand, he uses the device as a serious literary mechanism to tell his story. On the other, he mocks it as pretentious by making the son’s uses of the word pretentious and ignorant, as he talks about the stone as metaphor in hushed, exalted tones without seeming to have a clue about what the word even means.
The writing about Parasite will go on for a long time. Its themes comparing the rich and poor, educated and ignorant, wise and foolish are subtly and masterfully incorporated into a rousingly good human thriller. The film might even have as its main theme a discussion of predestination and free will; thoughts expressed throughout the movie about planning versus living in response to events are artfully used in the growth of the son from romantic fool to more mature (though certainly not fully yet, no matter what you think of the ending) adult. It is a film that provides thoughts for many long discussions, and, for this alone is a worthy Oscar winner.
Drew Trotter is the Executive Director of the Consortium of Christian Study Centers. He was for twenty-two years the Executive Director and President of the Center for Christian Study in Charlottesville, VA. Drew has written on film and popular culture for over thirty years in such publications as Books & Culture, Christianity Today and Critique, and in the field of Biblical studies published Interpreting the Epistle to the Hebrews (Baker, 1997). For over twenty years, he has presented a seminar entitled Show and Tell: How to View a Movie Responsibly, helping laypeople and students in churches, Christian college and secular university environments understand this powerful medium and how to think about its influence both on the individual and the society. He has taught seminars on popular culture, university education in America today, a Biblical model of discipleship and how to interpret the Scriptures. Also a well-respected Bible teacher, Drew has lectured and preached at seminaries, churches and colleges throughout the United States and Canada on a wide variety of topics including prayer, discipleship, and Christian cultural awareness. Drew has three sons, two daughters-in-law and six grandchildren and lives with his wife of forty-seven years, Marie, in Charlottesville, VA. You can view the Consortium of Christian Study Centers website here: https://studycentersonline.org/