Christian BradyÂ recently shared a thoughtful Scholar’s Compass series on transitions with us. Here he reflects on the surprising origins of a quote he learned years ago, and on how its context sent him back to Scripture for encouragement on living the life of the mind.Â
â€œDas Denken ist auch Gottesdienst.â€
Sometime in my junior year a faculty member spoke to our InterVarsity chapter. I remember distinctly one element of his talk, a quote in German that he attributed to Luther: â€œDas Denken ist auch Gottesdienst.â€ The message that â€œthinking is also worshipâ€ was intended to encourage us to remember that even if our careers took us into fields where we were â€œthinkingâ€ rather than â€œdoingâ€ we could still serve God (the literal meaning of â€œGottesdienstâ€). It is a message that has stayed with me and a few years ago I set out to track down the origin of the quote. After all, a good scholar must always cite their sources.
What I found was a bit surprising and surprisingly obscure. The quote was not from Luther; it was from Hegel. The philosopher Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831) was and remains incredibly influential for philosophers and theologians alike, yet the orthodoxy of his beliefs relative to Christianity remains in debate. The quote itself was particularly difficult to track down. With the help of the scholar Jason Staples, the earliest source seems to be from 1885, in Philip Schaffâ€™sÂ History of the Christian Church. While discussing the theology of John Scotus Erigena (who wrote his work on predestination in 850) Schaff notes that his view is similar to those of much later philosophers like Hegel:
With [Erigena] church authority resolves itself into reason, theology into philosophy, and true philosophy is identical with true religion. Philosophy is, so to say, religion unveiled and raised from the cloudy region of popular belief to the clear ether of pure thought.
At this point Schaff offers the following footnote:
So it was with Hegel. His pious widow told me that her husband often politely declined her request to accompany her to church, with the remark: â€œMein liebes Kind, das Denken ist auch Gottesdienst.â€
At first, â€œthinking is also worshipâ€ may seem a reasonable response in the context of this anecdote. The reason he does not go to church is because he is servingÂ God right where he is so long as he is â€œthinking.â€ But this is not the fully positive spin that was placed on it when I first heard the phrase cited in an IV meeting. For Hegel it seems more of an excuse to avoid services (and placate his wifeâ€™s concerns) than an admonition to bring all our lives, thoughts included, into the practice of worshipping God. He need not go to church because, as Schaff phrases it, â€œthe clear ether of pure thoughtâ€ is Gottesdienst.
So, what of my original reception of the quote and the message presented to us back in 1989? It seems that when Hegel uttered the phrase itÂ was not intended as an encouragement to Christian intellectuals. It seems to me that it serves as a warning to scholars of the opposite inclination, that we not follow Hegelâ€™s example of elevating oneâ€™s own philosophical musings to divine action itself. Instead I think we can find a far more straightforward word of encouragement in Scripture itself:
Col. 3:17 And whatever you do, in word or deed, do everything in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God the Father through him.
Paul has no doubt that everything we do, whether that is an action or our very speech, has the capacity to glorify God if it is done â€œin the name of the Lord Jesus.â€ The phrase â€œin word or deedâ€ is a merism which encompasses all of our activities in life. So it does not matter whether our doing is thinking or making, speaking or acting, it can and must all be done in worship and thanks to God through our Lord Jesus. And it was Jesus who reminded the lawyer (Matt. 22:34-40) that the greatest commandment required that we love God completely and fully.
Deut. 6:5 You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your might.
â€œThe fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge; fools despise wisdom and instruction.â€ Guide us Lord, as we seek to worship and serve you even in the thoughts of our daily work. We pray that we might always remember that our scholarly musings, cogitation, and reflection are made possible by and through you. And grant us the humility to always be in awe of your revelation to us; always will to receive wisdom, instruction, and correction; that in this, as in all things, we would give thanks and praise to you who created this world through your Word that is light and life to the world.
- How would it change your perspective on your daily work to consider that your â€œthinking is also worship”?
About the author:
Christian M. M. Brady is a scholar of ancient Hebrew and Jewish literature and an academic administrator. His academic research focuses upon the interpretation of the Bible in antiquity, especially the ancient rabbinic commentaries of the books of Lamentations and Ruth known as â€œTargum.â€ He has also written extensively on the topic of suffering and grace. Brady is a faculty member in the department of Modern & Classical Languages, Literatures & Cultures and is dean of the Lewis Honors College at the University of Kentucky. Prior to that he was dean of the Schreyer Honors College at Penn State from 2006-2016, director of the Honors Program (2003-2006) and the Jewish Studies Program (1998-2003) at Tulane University. He is an ordained priest in the Episcopal Church.