Earlier this year, I addressed a reader question about time and how God relates to it. Talking about time can be tricky, because our subjective experience of the passing of time is so fundamental that it’s difficult to get any distance for a new perspective. We just know that time advances continuously from the past into the future at 1 second per second, and everything exists and happens in the liminal present between the two. So it’s only natural to imagine God must have some kind of similar experience, at the very least by virtue of having been incarnated. At the same time, our understanding of time from physics suggests that time itself is part of creation. Thus we want to say that the Creator exists outside (?) or maybe before (?) or at least independent of time. These two ideas appear difficult to reconcile.
Recently, I read an intriguing proposal addressing precisely this tension in describing God as both engaged with and separate from his creation. This paper describes a possible model of spacetime, derived from general relativity, which might actually allow for both relationships between God and creation to coexist. While the science at the core is fairly esoteric, involving wormholes and geometries beyond our normal experience, the paper itself is fairly readable without physics expertise and focuses on the implications for theology. I’ll be the first to admit I don’t really know how to think about dimensionless time or “omniclusters” and I can’t vouch for whether general relatively actually permits these solutions — I’ll leave that to the experts. And in fairness, the author himself brought this paper to my attention. Still, I thought it was a worthwhile update to our conversation on time and I’ve enjoyed thinking through its ideas.
What really excites me about this work is the interplay between the science and the theology. As I mentioned, just talking about time is hard. The mathematics of general relativity are currently one of our best tools for that challenge; we can express ideas more precisely and explore scenarios and implications with a rigor that English isn’t equipped for. Why not use those tools to express how we think God might relate to time? And if that leads us to explore general relativity in directions that we wouldn’t otherwise, all the better. There is a risk of aligning one’s theology too closely to a particular scientific model that could be falsified in the future by new discoveries. But with the appropriate understanding that we are exploring what is possible rather than stating definitively what is, I think this kind of relationship between science and theology can bear much fruit.